Curriculum Vitae


  • Ph.D.,  Philosophy, Michigan State University, Lansing, MI, 1993. Dissertation:  The Apologetics of George Berkeley, Charles McCracken, director
  • M.A., Philosophy, University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg, MS, 1988. 
  • B.S., Biology, Belhaven College, Jackson, MS, 1985.


  • Taylor University, Professor of Philosophy and Religion (2003-present)
  • Taylor University, Associate Professor of Philosophy and Religion (1998-2003)
  • Taylor University, Assistant Professor of Philosophy and Religion (1993-1998)
  • Moorhead State University, Instructor of Philosophy (1992-1993)


  • Introduction to Philosophy
  • Introduction to Logic
  • History of Ancient and Medieval Philosophy
  • History of Modern Philosophy
  • Contemporary Moral Issues
  • Principles of Ethics
  • Medical Ethics
  • Aesthetics
  • Philosophy of Religion
  • Philosophy of Mind
  • Contemporary Christian Belief
  • Epistemology
  • American Philosophy
  • Existentialism
  • Philosophy in Literature
  • Phenomenology of Religion
  • History of Baseball in America


  • American Philosophical Association
  • American Scientific Affiliation
  • Association of Practical and Professional Ethics
  • Evangelical Philosophical Society
  • International Berkeley Society
  • Society of Christian Philosophers


  • Idealism and Christianity, Vol. 1: Idealism and Christian Theology, edited with Joshua Farris and S. Mark Hamilton (Bloomsbury Press, forthcoming in 2016)
  • Idealism and Christianity, Vol. 2: Idealism and Christian Philosophy, edited with Steven B. Cowan (Bloomsbury Press, forthcoming in 2016)
  • Faithful Learning in Philosophy (P&R Publications, 2014)
  • The Making of An Atheist: How Immorality Leads to Unbelief (Moody Publications, 2010)
  • The Love of Wisdom: A Christian Introduction to Philosophy, co-authored with Steve Cowan (Broadman and Holman, 2009)
  • Gum, Geckos, and God: A Family’s Adventure in Space, Time, and Faith (Zondervan Press, 2008)
  • Faith, Film, and Philosophy: Christian Reflections on Contemporary Film, co-edited with Doug Geivett (InterVarsity Press, 2007)
  • The Benefits of Providence: A New Look at Divine Sovereignty (Crossway Books, 2005)
  • How to be Good in a World Gone Bad: Living a Life of Christian Virtue (KregelPress, 2004)
  • Hipocrisia: Problemas Morais e Outros Vicios, translated by Luiz Felipe Coimbra Ribeiro (Textus Press, 2002)
  • Hypocrisy: Moral Fraud and Other Vices (Baker Books, 1999)
  • “The Philosophical Case for Conditionalism” in Fire with Fire: Essays in Honor of Edward Fudge (Pickwick Publications, forthcoming in 2015)
  • “Immaterialism as a Boon to Faith: Berkeley and Christian Theology,” a chapter in Christianity and the Modern Philosophers (Zondervan, forthcoming in 2015)
  • “The Irenaean Soul-Making Theodicy,” a chapter in God and Evil: The Case for God in a World Filled with Pain (InterVarsity, 2013)
  • “Augustine, Evolution, and Scientific Methodology,” a chapter in Augustine and Science (Lexington, 2013)
  • “The Virtue of Wisdom,” a chapter in Being Good: Christian Virtues for Everyday Life (Eerdmans, 2011)
  • “Berkeley’s Immaterialism,” an introductory note in Themes in Ancient and Modern Philosophy (Kendall-Hunt, 2009)
  • “Dialogue and Disagreement After 9/11” (co-authored with Ryan Pflum), a chapter in The Impact of 9/11 on Religion and Philosophy: The Day that Changed Everything? (Palgrave Macmillan, 2009)
  • “What Would Have Been and What Could Be: Counterfactuals in It’s a Wonderful Life and Run Lola Run,” a chapter in Faith, Film and Philosophy (InterVarsity, 2007)
  • “Getting Better: The Beatles and Virtue Ethics,” a chapter in The Beatles and Philosophy (Open Court, 2006)
  • “With God (and Augustine and Socrates) on Our Side,” a chapter in Bob Dylan and Philosophy (Open Court, 2005)
  • “Does God Take Risks?” chapter in God Under Fire: Modern Scholarship Reinvents God (Zondervan Press, 2002)
  • “Open-mindedness and Christian Flourishing,” Psychology and Christianity (forthcoming in 2015)
  • “Why Positive Psychology Needs Virtue: A Constructive Response to Hackney,” Christian Psychology (forthcoming in 2015)
  • “Why Same-Sex Marriage is Unjust” Think: Philosophy for Everyone (forthcoming in 2015)
  • “Moral Heresy,” Philosophia Christi, Vol. 15, No. 2 (Winter, 2013)
  • “Growing Wise: Resources for Nourishing the Supreme Virtue,” Journal of Spiritual Formation and Soul Care, Vol. 6, No. 2 (Fall, 2013)
  • “Why Flatulence is Funny,” Think: Philosophy for Everyone, Vol. 12, Issue 35 (September, 2013)
  • “Open-mindedness and Religious Devotion,” Sophia: International Journal of Philosophy and Traditions, Vol. 52, No. 1 (April, 2012)
  • “Open-mindedness and Intellectual Humility,” Theory and Research in EducationVol. 10, Issue 1 (March, 2012)
  • “On Free Will and Soul-Making: Complementary Approaches to the Problem of Evil,” Philosophia Christi, Vol. 13, No. 2 (Winter, 2011)
  • “Teaching the Art of Disagreement at the Christian College,” Growth (Spring, 2004)
  • “Humility as Moral Irony,” Logos: A Journal of Catholic Thought and CultureVol. 6, No. 1 (Winter, 2003)
  • “The Philosophical Theology of Theistic Evolutionism,” Philosophia ChristiSeries II, Vol. 4, No. 1 (Summer, 2002)
  • “Can a Christian be Coherently Both Morally Pro-life and Politically Pro-choice?” Christian Scholar’s Review, Vol. 30, No. 1 (Fall, 2000)
  • “Towards a New Aesthetic Vision for the Christian Liberal Arts College,” Christian Scholar’s Review, Vol. 28, No. 3 (Spring, 1999)
  • “The Christian Psychology of George Berkeley,” Journal of Psychology and Christianity, Vol. 17, No. 4 (Winter, 1998)
  • “Aesthetics and Worship,” The Southern Baptist Journal of Theology, Vol. 2, No. 4 (Winter, 1998)
  • “A Berkeleyan Approach to the Problem of Induction,” Science and Christian BeliefVol. 10, No. 1 (April, 1998)
  • “The Theological Orthodoxy of Berkeley’s Immaterialism,” Faith and PhilosophyVol. 13, No. 2  (April, 1996)
  • “Socrates: A Messianic Type for the Gentiles,” Philosophia Christi, Series I, Vol. 18, No. 2 (Fall, 1995)
  • “Beauty,” Zondervan Dictionary of Christianity and Science (forthcoming in 2015)
  • “Determinism,” Zondervan Dictionary of Christianity and Science (forthcoming in 2015)
  • “Epistemology,” Zondervan Dictionary of Christianity and Science (forthcoming in 2015)
  • “Extra-terrestrials,” Zondervan Dictionary of Christianity and Science (forthcoming in 2015)
  • “William James,” Zondervan Dictionary of Christianity and Science (forthcoming in 2015)
  • “Descartes,” Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization (Wiley-Blackwell, 2011)
  • “Divine Providence,” Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization (Wiley-Blackwell, 2011)
  • “Fasting,” Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization (Wiley-Blackwell, 2011)
  • “Fruit of the Spirit,” Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization (Wiley-Blackwell, 2011)
  • “George Berkeley,” Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization (Wiley-Blackwell, 2011)
  • “Hypocrisy,” Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization (Wiley-Blackwell, 2011)
  • “Openness Theology,” Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization (Wiley-Blackwell, 2011)
  • “Virtue,” Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization (Wiley-Blackwell, 2011)
  • “In Defense of Stupid Christians,” Touchstone (forthcoming)
  • “Taking Philosophy to the Masses: A Review of Philosophy Bites and Philosophy Bites Back,” Books and Culture (July/August, 2014)
  • “The Blessing of Forgiveness and Wise Living: Meditations on Psalm 32,” Soul & Spirit (May, 2012)
  • “Unreasonable Doubt,” Christianity Today (January, 2011)
  • “Righteous Living in an Unrighteous Age,” Taylor Magazine, Vol. 101 (Fall, 2009)
  • “Pressure Punctured,” ” in Men of Integrity (September/October, 2009) 
  • “Mock Humor isn’t the Real Thing” in Men of Integrity (September/October, 2009)
  • “More Precious Than Rubies,” in the Christian Counseling Connection Newsletter, Vol. 16, Issue 3 (2009)
  • “Gum, Geckos, and God: Talking About Faith with Your Kids” (an interview) in Stand Firm Vol. 14, No. 3 (March, 2009)
  • “A Philosophical Case for Mind-Body Dualism,” Areopagus Journal, Vol. 8, issue 6 (November/December 2008)
  • “Impress Them on Your Children: The Challenge of Teaching Our Kids About God,” K Magazine (November/December, 2008)
  • “How to be Good in a World Gone Bad” (an interview) in Stand Firm, Vol. 13, No. 8 (August, 2008)
  • “Theistic Evolution: A Reasonable Compromise?” Areopagus Journal, Vol. 5, No. 2 (May-June, 2005)
  • “Good Art and Bad Art:  What is the Difference?” Areopagus Journal, Vol. 4, No. 1 (January-February, 2004)
  • “The Quest for Moral Integrity,” Koinonia (Fall, 2000)
  • “The Light’s Still Burning: A Review of Dylan’s Tempest,” Books and Culture (March, 2013)
  • “To Fight or Not to Fight: Approaching Gay Marriage in the Public Square,” The Other Journal (2004)
  • “The Theological Aesthetic of American Beauty,” Journal of Religion and Popular Culture, Vol. 4 (Summer, 2003)
  • “Advocating for the Devil:  Hearing Al-Qaeda’s Case Against the United States,” Journal of Religion and Society, Vol. 5 (2003)
  • “Cinematic Lessons in Christian Theology,” Journal of Religion and Film, Vol. 6, No. 2 (October, 2002)
  • Review of The Beauty of the Infinite, (by David Bentley Hart), Christian Scholar’s Review, Vol. 35, No. 2 (Winter, 2006)
  • Review of Good Eating (by Stephen H. Webb) in Encounter Vol. 64, No. 3 (Summer, 2003)
  • Review of On God and Dogs, (by Stephen H. Webb), Christian Scholar’s ReviewVol. 28, No. 4 (Summer, 1999)
  • Review of A Passion for Wisdom (by R. C. Solomon and K. M. Higgins), Teaching Philosophy, Vol. 21, No. 4 (December, 1998)